How Strong Values Sustain a Team’s Performance

January 4, 2018, Psychology Today published a blog post by Michael D. Matthews, Ph.D. on personnel turnover and how organizations can stay high performing by sustaining strong team values.

A central point of the article draws from the work of Patrick J. Sweeney, Ph.D., colonel U.S. Army (Retired), director, Center for Leadership and Character, Wake Forest School of Business, who developed a conceptual model called the Individual-Relationship-Organization-Context (IROC). This model illustrates how the relationships between individuals, organizations, and context can shape trust and performance.

“According to this model, organizations must embrace shared values, beliefs, and norms with employees, and should have clearly defined structures, practices, and policies that develop and reward principled conduct,” the author explains and continues, “Organizations that practice the IROC elements are better able to adapt to change and to sustain excellence in the face of leader and subordinate turnover than are organizations that do not adhere to these practices.”

Matthews further explores his application of the IROC model in his consulting work with professional sports teams to educate them on how to maintain a “continuity of excellence” despite the continual turnover of players and senior leaders.

Matthews, M.D. (2018, January 04). How Strong Values Sustain a Team’s Performance. Retrieved January 05, 2018, from